Conjugation means changing a verb to give some important information: who or what is performing the action (subject), when action is performed (tense) and how it is viewed or perceived by the speaker (mood).
Italian verb infinitives end in the letters -are, -ere or -ire.
Verbs with infinitives ending in -ARE are called first conjugation verbs.
Verbs with infinitives ending in -ERE are called second conjugation verbs.
Verbs with infinitives ending in -IRE are called third conjugation verbs.
The second conjugation also includes verbs ending in -arre, -orre, -urre which follow a peculiar pattern of conjugation.
To conjugate a verb, you need to remove the final three letters from the infinitive and add the appropriate ending. To find the appropriate ending, you will need to consider which tense and mood you’re using and whether the verb is regular or irregular.